Onion fly - how to recognize and effectively on plants to fight it

  • Dec 24, 2019

Onion fly is very similar to normal, what lies its danger. Little insect is the most common pest of onions and garlic. Any gardener should know how to recognize the onion fly and fight it.

Any gardener should know how to recognize the onion fly and fight it. Illustration for an article is used for a standard license © ofazende.ru
Any gardener should know how to recognize the onion fly and fight it. Illustration for an article is used for a standard license © ofazende.ru

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Features pest

The adult insect did not carry any threat to plants. Her food is the nectar and pollen of wild grasses. Danger harbor larvae of flies. The eggs of the female are on landings or on the ground next to the cultures. Separate individual light produces 40-60 eggs, 3-8 days developing. Then there are the larvae, live 12-20 days. For such a short time, they completely destroy the follicle.

When will the larvae pupate, fly the new generation of insects. During the summer fly produces progeny born 2 if lives in areas with warm or temperate climate.

How to detect the insect in the garden?

Considered insect much like a simple fly. Often gardeners do not pay enough attention to her appearance. pest length is 6-8 mm. A distinctive feature is the onion fly ash color. It helps the insect to merge with the soil.

See the eggs and larvae is impossible because of their size. They will become visible when they get to the bulb. When grown worms can be seen, precious time will be missed. Save the harvest will fail, because affected plants die. Onions and garlic rot, dry and yellow. They can not be stored or used for cultivation.

If culture were affected by the pest, they have a putrid smell. He enhanced by loosening the earth around the plants.

Onion fly is very similar to normal, what lies its danger. Illustration for an article is used for a standard license © ofazende.ru
Onion fly is very similar to normal, what lies its danger. Illustration for an article is used for a standard license © ofazende.ru

Prevention of occurrence and ways of dealing

Get rid of the onion fly difficult, but still possible. It must be remembered about the preventive treatment of land and planting material. Then it will be to protect the garden from wrecking insect. It is best to carry out a simple but systematic prevention. It is necessary to treat all plants and folk remedies. They do not always smell good, but it prevents the emergence of onion flies.

it is recommended not to forget about the usual preventive measures. They are suitable for almost all crops grown in the garden and the garden.
  • Proper rotation. It is the best way to prevent the onset of insect. It avoids a stable population. If the pest larvae left in the soil, they do not multiply in the season properly. Next they will die, when there will not onions and garlic.
  • Thorough digging and loosening the soil. Insects rarely lay their larvae in the soft earth. It should loosen aisle every 7 days or after each irrigation.
  • Disinfection planting material. It is required when purchasing onion sets have questionable producer. Before planting, you need to sort Onion, throw rotten specimens. You can not leave the bulbs if Donets soft. Put material in a potassium permanganate for 15 minutes, dried and planted. The solution should be pink.
  • Cleaning plant residues. The rule is true for almost all the beds. The fruits, leaves and tops most pests live in the winter.

It can be planted next to the onions and carrots. They can grow on a bed general, through one or neighboring. Together they distilled pests smell. Onion and carrot fly it can not tolerate.

It can be treated with shag groove and the space between them. Use tobacco dust alone or with sand in the ratio 1: 1. Tobacco dust is easy to find in any garden store.

The bucket of water to dissolve 3 tablespoons ammonia. Watering the beds once a month. Repeat three times during the summer.

In 10 liters of water add 1 tablespoon birch tar, and 30 g of soap. Watered furrows 3 times, making a break for 2 weeks. It is possible to process the material solution for planting. To 1 liter of water take 1 tsp tar. Put the solution in 30 minutes.

If natural remedies do not help in the fight against the pest have to use chemicals. Before using the product you must read the instructions and comply with the dosage strictly. All green crops can accumulate insecticides. They are popular means Zemlin, Mukhoed, Break, Alatar et al.

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