How to increase the yield of currants - it needs to be regularly rejuvenated

  • Mar 03, 2021
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Good afternoon, my reader. In order for the currant bush to bear fruit abundantly for a long time, it must be constantly rejuvenated.

 Currant. Illustration for this article is used under a standard license ©
Currant. Illustration for this article is used under a standard license ©
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How to prune currants

Currants will cease to bear fruit if they are not properly cared for.

It is necessary to pay attention to the pruning of the bush. Do not leave many branches, as the fruits will receive less sunlight, as a result of which they will become small and lose their sugar content.

In order for the currants to bear fruit abundantly, pruning should be done correctly. Remove five-year-old shoots to the bottom, as they have already lost their productivity. Leave 3-5 young branches to renew the shrub. As a result, the plant will have 10-15 overgrown branches, which will be renewed all the time. Gradually, over five years, the shoots will be completely replaced by younger ones.

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Ten-year-old shrubs yield significantly lower yields than young plants, so it is recommended to dig them up. In order for you to constantly feast on berries, they need to be replaced 7-8 years after planting. For these purposes, it is not necessary to purchase young seedlings on the market. The culture reproduces well with its plants.

Currant pruning. Illustration for this article is used under a standard license ©

It is easiest to propagate currants by layering. To do this, make a small depression in the soil and press the twig, fix it with a steel pin and sprinkle it with soil. When young shoots "hatch" in this place, spud them with a mixture, which consists of humus and garden soil. Nitrogen fertilization can help young crops grow. Feed once every 14 days.

In order for a new bush to take root by the fall, plant it from the mother plant in late summer or early autumn. If you do not have time to transplant at this time, postpone this action until spring.

Cutting propagation is a more laborious process. This requires a 3-4 year old shrub. From it, cut the cuttings into oblique cuts. In this case, 4-5 buds should remain on the branches. Treat with any growth promoter, then plant the cuttings in open soil or container. Pre-prepare the soil mixture, which consists of soil, river sand and humus. The earth must be moist. The cuttings should be hidden from direct sunlight by covering them with containers made of glass or plastic. When the seedlings take root, accustom them gradually to the conditions of unprotected soil, and then plant them in the garden area.

Currant. Illustration for this article is used under a standard license ©

Some summer residents plant black and red currant plants by dividing the shrubs. But this method is not as effective as the previous ones. With this method, the roots are not completely renewed, and harmful parasites and diseases that have accumulated on the mother plant will pass to the young bush.

Useful Tips

All currant bushes should be planted at a slight slope so that some shoots sink more into the ground. Thus, additional roots will grow, which will help in the formation of a strong root system.

Currants do not tolerate saline, carbonate and acidic soil, so if necessary, take measures to improve the soil.

Do not choose a highly lit place for planting crops. This plant loves penumbra areas. Under such conditions, large-sized berries with increased juiciness will grow on the bushes.

Do you know how to increase the yield of currants?

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