A good harvest depends on properly grown seedlings. If the seedlings are overgrown (stretched out), there will be no yield.
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An overgrown seedling may appear to be a sturdy and strong plant. But this is wrong. Strong plants have a good root system and are compact in size and do not grow. Elongated specimens do not take root after landing in the ground, they have weak immunity.
Mistakes when growing seedlings
1. The seeds are sown very early
Do not rush to sow, all varieties of seeds have their own sowing dates (usually indicated on the package), and you need to adhere to these data.
Cucumbers and other pumpkin seeds are planted in the ground 20-30 days after they are sown; tomatoes - 50-60 days; eggplants and peppers - 60-70 days.
2. Dense planting
One of the most common mistakes. You cannot sow very thickly - the seedlings will be cramped, because of this, they will begin to stretch. Accordingly, the seedlings will be weak and painful.
In order not to make such a mistake - thin out and dive the seedlings. Try to become familiar with the farming technique of the crop you are looking for and calculate the optimal planting distance.
3. High room temperature
If the room is too warm, the plant stretches out (the aerial part grows), and the roots weaken. Before the shoots appear, the temperature can be within 24 ° C, but when the seedlings begin to grow, keep the temperature at 14-16 ° C (average). After about 10 days, the temperature can be raised to 21 ° C.
It should be borne in mind that heat-loving crops (pumpkin, tomatoes, peppers, eggplants) need a temperature of at least 18 ° C, and cold-resistant crops (cabbage) need 13-15 ° C.
4. Lack of sunlight
Insufficient sunlight is the reason for the pulling out of the seedlings. Plants are drawn towards the light, respectively, they stretch out, and the root weakens, and the seedlings outgrow. Plants need 12-14 hours of light per day, so you should think about additional lighting (phytolamps, fluorescent lamps, etc.).
5. Improper feeding and watering
The most common reason for pulling seedlings is that they have been flooded with water and overfed. Watering is necessary only when the soil dries up, with settled and warm water (the water temperature should be about 22 ° C).
Add a little fertilizing, it is preferable to use phosphorus and potassium fertilizers, not nitrogen. It is enough to fertilize cabbage and cucumbers 2 times, pepper - 3, tomatoes - 4.
Be sure to take into account the quality of the soil, the size of the planting tank. It is imperative to fertilize, but according to the correct scheme. Inspect the landings.
Preventing seedlings from pulling out
- Provide proper care for seedlings at all stages of growth (lighting, temperature, correct planting, etc.);
- if you notice that the plant is stretching, reduce feeding and watering, lower the air temperature in the room (slightly);
- use growth regulators. It is a fairly versatile remedy that slows down pulling, stimulates branching and strengthens the roots.
One of the best plant growth regulators is "Krepen" (company "Your economy"). This tool is universal - suitable for both garden and vegetable garden crops, and for indoor plants or shrubs.
The “krepen” is effective even after landing in the ground! In addition, it contributes to the fact that plants grow healthy and with good immunity, they begin to bloom and bear fruit earlier, the fruits grow large.
Also, the "Fixture" can stop the pulling under unfavorable conditions (high temperature, lack of light, etc.).
It is advisable to use the product according to the instructions attached to it.
"Krepen" will help to grow a good and rich harvest at all stages - from seeds to fruits!
Do you know how to properly grow seedlings?
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