The first driver's license was issued by the Paris Prefect of Police in 1893. The first licensing exam was introduced in the United States in 1899. In the Russian Empire, the first rights were issued in 1900, and in 1909 Russia joined the international convention for the movement of cars, which made it possible to issue rights in a single international form.
After the revolution, the Council of People's Commissars approved a new driver's license, which was divided into three categories. The highest meant that a person not only brilliantly drives a vehicle, but also knows how to repair it. At the same time, documents could have a different format, which was not very convenient. In the USSR, they came to a single model of a driver's license only by 1936. And they returned to the international model again only in 1963. The modern five categories of driver's licenses appeared in the world only in the 1970s.
As for the road rules, for a long time in Russia they were not uniform for different regions of the country. Unified traffic rules appeared only in the 1960s, although a system of punishments with 5 forms of punishment: warning, fine, fine, paid on the spot, temporary replacement of rights for a driver's ticket or deprivation of rights for a period of 15 days to 6 months appeared back in the 1940s years. At the same time, until the end of the 1980s, drivers of the USSR, along with their rights, had to carry a special ticket in the form of a small book.
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In this coupon, traffic police officers used a composter to make punctures every time a motorist violated traffic rules. If within 6 months three punctures appeared in such a coupon, then the driver’s license was taken away and in order to return them, it was necessary to pass a theoretical exam again. Since 1993, the puncture system has finally become a thing of the past. It was replaced by a points system. Each violation is worth a certain number of points. So, if a driver gains 15 points in 1 year, then he is deprived of his license for up to six months.
In continuation of the topic, read about why does the traffic police inspector require an examinationif there are no signs of intoxication.