Since ancient times, wood has been and remains the most common material for the construction of private houses and the surrounding infrastructure - sheds, sheds, bathhouses, and the like. Logs are the basic element for all these buildings. Concrete and other modern materials at one time occupied part of the traditionally wooden elements, however, in recent years, wood construction technology has begun to revive again.
Therefore, the knowledge of the old masters is in high demand today. For example, such a task as installing a wooden pole in the ground with a guarantee of service for many years only seems simple, in fact this process requires the use of special technologies transferred from the previous builders.
I will describe the tricks of my ancestors known to me in this article.
The simplest method of protection that I know of is to treat the bottom of the post (which is dug into the ground) with used oil. This is done several times, until the oil thoroughly saturates the wood. After the post is dug into the ground. It will serve a little longer than untreated wood.
However, the old masters consider these measures insufficient. Log protection should be comprehensive.
- firstly, the lower part of the log is burned with an open fire. This is an ancient and effective way of protection;
- secondly, the burnt part is smeared with oil (used, it's cheaper). This enhances the protection effect;
- bury the post with the top down. This is very important, because in this case the log will not "pull" moisture from the ground.
Important: some experts suggest completely wrapping the edge of the log that breaks into the ground with polyethylene. For example, put a package on a log. In my opinion, this method is rather dubious, and will only be effective if the package remains intact. If it breaks and water gets into it, the tree will rot fairly quickly.
Proper installation of the post in the ground
Crushed stone is poured into the bottom of the dug hole. This will be a drainage for moisture, which will surely penetrate the ground from rain or snow. The pillar itself is reinforced with concrete. If there is no concrete, then you can fill it with pieces of brick and stones. At the same time, they must be tightly tamped, sparing no effort, the stronger, the better. On top of the bricks, the pillar is covered with earth, which must also be properly tamped.
A protective cap must be installed on the top of the column. It will protect it from excessive moisture during rainfall.
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