5 mistakes when growing currants, which deprive you harvest

  • Dec 24, 2019

Failure to follow the correct operation of pruning, mulching, watering, fertilizing and pest control - a basic 5 mistakes when growing currants, which significantly reduce its yield.

currant cultivation. Illustration for an article is used for a standard license © ofazende.ru
currant cultivation. Illustration for an article is used for a standard license © ofazende.ru

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Preparing for winter

After harvesting, tree trunks need to dig under a bush not more than 20 cm, so as not to damage the roots. It is necessary to make the boundary of the land on the roller crown level, pour defended with warm water and liquid manure to fertilize mullein, compost, ash, infusion cut grass. Need zamulchirovat tree trunks cut grass, and the best straw, which has all the necessary trace elements for food.

If the area is only 1 sort of currant, it is desirable to put a few other kinds of different ripening, flowering at different times. Cross-pollination will result in higher yields and the formation of larger berries on the bushes.

In mid-October to do trimming. In adult plants is necessary to remove old and diseased branches, thin out the bush from the young shoots of excess. The young branches should be cut to a height of 10 cm, watered and fertilize.

In order to get rid of pests, their eggs and larvae, currants to be processed from a watering can with a solution of 40% furnace black with the addition of liquid soap. Slices grease sludge soot disinfection.

In mid-October to do pruning currants. Illustration for an article is used for a standard license © ofazende.ru
In mid-October to do pruning currants. Illustration for an article is used for a standard license © ofazende.ru

In winter currant thick straw mulching and compost bed.

spring works

In early spring, before the thawing of the soil currants need to pour hot water from a watering can. The water can be added, and manganese. Such a "shower" will save the plant from the eggs of aphids and scale insects bud, protect against mildew.

After the snow melts around currant phacelia have to sow, it will protect the ground under the bushes from the return of frost, reduce its acidity. Siderate suppresses the land disputes scab, blight, root rot and nematodes. Its esters deter wireworms, aphids and codling. Phacelia - a honey plant, it will attract pollinating insects to plants. After the start of flowering it is cut and left as a mulch under shrubs and fertilizer.

To protect plants from frost returnable need to hide them a mat or paper bags, and basal portion further zamulchirovat straw. In the morning remove the cover from the bushes.

Pest Control

Before swelling of kidneys need to spray the plants with 1% solution of liquid Bordeaux against fungal infections and spider mites

During the swelling of the kidneys should conduct sanitary pruning bushes, cutting branches with a large swollen kidneys. During budding currants necessary to process 40% aqueous solution of the carbon black with the addition of liquid soap.

Upon flowering plants are treated against sesiidae, moth and sawflies 4% aqueous dry mustard with the addition of liquid soap. Against Mildew helps 30% aqueous extract of wood ash with the addition of 40 g of liquid soap for better attachment means to the leaves.

Branch, currant leaves and the ground beneath her well-pollinate dry soot and mustard.

Watering and fertilizing

Currant likes watering. Its roots are just 40 cm from the soil surface, so this layer of soil should always be moist. To land after irrigation did not dry up immediately, it should be mulched with moss, sex, sowing Phacelia.

Currant likes watering. Illustration for an article is used for a standard license © ofazende.ru
Currant likes watering. Illustration for an article is used for a standard license © ofazende.ru

During the season, the plant should be abundantly watered 3 times: the first 2 times in late May and June, during the appearance of the ovaries and berries when ripe. Under a bush should be poured 5-7 buckets of water. So that the fluid does not spread around make small rolls from the ground.

In order to plant laid desired number of flower buds, it should be abundantly watered three times after harvest.

If the summer is dry and hot, currants need to moisturize every 10 days - 30-40 liters under a bush.

Fertilizing, and watering as the plants need during flowering and the formation of ovaries. To increase the yield and the formation of large berries it should be treated with infusion of potato peels. In a bucket of boiling water should fill 1 liter jar of dried potato peel and allow to cool gradually. Under one plant introduced 3 l of infusion.

Feed bushes can wood ash and soot, which contain calcium, potassium, phosphorus and other trace elements.

And you can collect a bountiful harvest.

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