How to prolong the life of an old tree

  • Dec 24, 2019

When summer resident gets old garden, it is harder to get fruit from the trees. To do this, put the young plants, and wait a few years before they give birth. There is a way to "revive" the old trees, making the appropriate actions.

There are several ways to "revive" the old trees. Illustration for an article is used for a standard license © ofazende.ru
There are several ways to "revive" the old trees. Illustration for an article is used for a standard license © ofazende.ru

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recovery

First proposed a "light version" of helping without complicated manipulations to extend the life of an old tree. The list of actions to restore the viability of the plant:

  • Removing the root shoots. You need to cut all the shoots and small branches at the roots because their growth is expended necessary for the formation of the fruit of energy.
  • Remove the bark from the lichen and moss. These formations are parasites that suck the juices out of wood and reduces its vitality.
  • Loosen the soil and fill the fertilizer around the trunk.
  • Treated plants. During the long years of inactivity, they accumulate many small parasites in the form of insects and bacteria. Help to cope with them means sprays and fertilizing.

The above actions - the first thing that should be done with old trees.

pereprivivki

Any trees younger than 30 years to endure pereprivivki that ends the development of fertile branches. The bottom line is to join the old chopped off the branches of the young germ of another kind. Vaccination should begin in the second half of May, when there is an active movement of fluids within the plant. Pereprivivki main path for a tree with a preserved root system:

  • Cut a tree at about 25 cm from the ground. The entire root growth should be removed, to remove excess interferes with grass.
  • To clean the stump so as to create a smooth surface.
  • Make 4-5 cuts of length 4 cm, the edges of the stump, separating the bark from the trunk. These pockets are designed for the young branches.
  • Shoots intended for grafting, cut diagonally from the lower edges, leaving stem, 15 cm long, with 2-3 buds. cut length should not exceed 4 cm.
  • Inserted into a pocket on the stump branch, direct cut in the side of the trunk. young tree cutting should hang over the top of the stump 1 cm.
  • Place tie grafting polyethylene or insulating tape.
  • All sections and the part not covered with bark, paint over clay or wax that plants had not been dried.
Pruning trees. Illustration for an article is used for a standard license © ofazende.ru
Pruning trees. Illustration for an article is used for a standard license © ofazende.ru

Gradual vaccination and a complete change of sorts for the healthy, but old tree:

  • Cut branches from the upper part of the bottom; lower down secateurs, the longer you should leave an escape from the trunk. The tree at the end of the operation will resemble a triangle.
  • Impart to each of the branches of a young shoot with the desired grade. Should perform gradually, one branch for a few days in the summer and spring, within two years, otherwise the tree may not recover from such intense intervention in its integrity.
  • Wait until the branches take root and gain new fruit from the tree. If some shoots were unable to germinate, you can make another attempt next year.

options for cropping

If for any reason the vaccine is not a priority course of action in crop suitable as a fallback. This artless action makes life easier and wood, and a gardener. Before you go armed with shears and cut the old tree, make sure that it is still alive, and you can get fruit from it.

  • Cut off the top at a height of 4 meters, since it does not carry any useful function only takes effect at the plant.
  • Cut all the branches of the third order and shortened to one-third of the shoots of the second. The order of processes is determined by the location on the trunk: the first-order branches growing from a trunk, shoots appear from them the second and from the second - third, etc.
  • Remove branches irregularly shaped - growing vertically, they will not benefit.
  • Treat the cut with a mixture of garden, which can be purchased at the store or make your own.
It is not necessary to cut off all at once - the loss of a large number of branches in a short period of time will be detrimental to the tree. For the approach recommended to remove no more than 4 shoots.

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