Lilac - care in the autumn and preparations for the winter: pruning and shelter

  • Dec 24, 2019

Lilac: hurry autumn work on harvesting, putting in order the site and preparing the beds for winter planting or by the next season, you can forget that still have to take care of flowering copies.

Pruning lilacs (Photo used under the standard license © ofazende.ru)
Pruning lilacs (Photo used under the standard license © ofazende.ru)

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You can say that the vegetation is fully capable of safely survive the winter, and it is not capricious in care, but such opinion the risk that blooms will be short and few, the vegetation thickens, and may appear disease. Therefore it is better make a point of a plant to care.

Planted plant in autumn

This culture is not afraid of landing in the ground in cool weather. The main thing to take for this instance of the leaves to the root system has been closed. Have time to plant specimens until mid-September, it is for the residents of the average climatic zone.

Blooming lilacs (Photo used under the standard license © ofazende.ru)
Blooming lilacs (Photo used under the standard license © ofazende.ru)

Deepening digging before you go for the purchase of seedlings. The soil is suitable neutral alkaline balance, or slightly alkaline. The place should be open and well illuminated by the sun. Prepare the ground that it was the right acidity. If the ground is insufficiently nutritious, fill mixture of 10-15 kg of humus or deciduous compost ode well and 200 g of wood ash.

lilac bushes need a good watering, after placing in the soil, this should be done every 3-4 days during the month. Optimally, it would produce mulch each plant, shelter spruce branches, or non-woven fabric. Lilac very strong culture, resistant to frost, but if you choose high-quality copies, it is better still to hide, since they can not overwinter.

Cutting the shoots in September

This vegetation thickened very quickly, which means that the internal stems light barely penetrates, and so there is a significant deterioration in vitality. Then the garden culture can become a place of breeding of harmful insects, as well as the excellent conditions for various kinds of diseases. To avoid such consequences, it is necessary to carry out cutting the shoots from the second growing season.

Pruning lilac in autumn
Pruning lilac in autumn

Prophylactic removal overgrown

This event should be held annually, after defoliation, while it is necessary to cut the following:

  • All basal vegetation;
  • They stem with disease symptoms or damage;
  • growing dense branches;
  • Shoots, which in the course of growth, began to wrap into the bush.

Circumcision forming lilac bush

This procedure is carried out in parallel with the sanitary removal of unnecessary parts of the plant, but in addition, are also subject to removal:

  • dry dead branch;
  • 1/3 of all extreme stems.
  • skeletal branches, aimed at the center of the bush;
  • the upper third of the side shoots.
Circumcision forming lilac bush (Photo used under the standard license © ofazende.ru)
Circumcision forming lilac bush (Photo used under the standard license © ofazende.ru)
For your information!Tops sostriganiem form since 3 seasons. Form a mature plant at a time is difficult, split into two seasons. To begin, cut basal shoots and weak branches, and in the second season, remove any remaining unwanted stalks.

The need for rejuvenation pruning

This procedure is necessary already old bushes, which for over 10 years. During this time it lost the appearance and features of high-quality accessories. Show signs of disease. Lilac return the former appearance and rejuvenate it as follows:

  • to remove bark stems, cracked, broken off or diseased;
  • removal approaching almost all but 3-4 good stems that grows not in the center, etc. absolutely not necessary;
  • circumcision place branches with pitch process, but it is better to sprinkle pounded charcoal.
  • 2 the following year to lure good vegetation and water.
Lilac at their summer cottage (Photo used under the standard license © ofazende.ru)
Lilac at their summer cottage (Photo used under the standard license © ofazende.ru)

What is the best lure in autumn

Lilac bushes prefer organic fertilizers. They are great to perform to fill the function of nutrients in the soil and act as a mulch. Well in this respect, compost and rotted manure. Young plants will be enough 15 kg, and now adult specimens need about 30 kg of top dressing.

For your information!Lure produce optimally in September or October until the first frost came

Fertilizers should be added in the near barrel circles, distribute them to 10 cm from the root zone and fall further. Ground then it is necessary to dig a bit to mix with the lure. The root system is shallow runs, digs so be careful not to hurt, not deeper than 5-10 cm from the upper layer of the turf.

Information!Soil with a high content of acids, flowering will be poor, so when fertilizer in tree trunks, add dolomite flour, wood ash or slaked lime.

How to process better solution from insects and diseases

Basic treatment with preventive spraying bushes make the spring. But in the autumn of measures are needed to protect the plant during the winter period of pests and diseases.

Lilac attracts and delights (Photo used under the standard license © ofazende.ru)
Lilac attracts and delights (Photo used under the standard license © ofazende.ru)

Remove with branches trimmed mosses and lichens, which they have. The soil is dug up with the onset of frost, to remove existing in it the germs and pests that can hide for the winter. After dropping foliar spraying to produce 5.3% solution of iron sulphate or 3% Bordeaux liquid. These measures prevent the appearance of fungal infections that mostly affect the seedlings.

proper spilling

Before hibernation lilac bushes, like many other plants, it needs a good watering, although it grows in periods of drought quietly. It is not necessary to do, if the autumn is rainy. But if September and first half of October rainfall was not necessarily abundantly pour to the ground was soggy at least 50 cm.

Thus, you do not spend a lot of effort to prepare the culture for the winter, only 2 of the bush, spent about 2 hours. But this concern will give you next year magnificent blooms and wonderful fragrance of these flowers.

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