Sowing tomatoes for seedlings

  • Dec 24, 2019

Tomatoes are the most common vegetable crop. Every gardener grows it. The tomato harvest depends on the quality of the grown seedlings.

Sowing tomatoes for seedlings. Illustration for the article is used under a standard license © ofazende.ru
Sowing tomatoes for seedlings. Illustration for the article is used under a standard license © ofazende.ru

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Preparation of soil, seeds and soil

In order to grow strong and healthy seedlings, you need to prepare the land for sowing in the fall. In order for the seedlings to experience less stress when planting in open ground, to grow it, you need to prepare a soil-based mixture from your own garden. You need to add peat or humus, ash, sand to the composition and leave it in boxes on the street for freezing. The bacteria in the ground die at subzero temperatures. TikTok online viewer and downloader TikTokni.com search profiles, videos, music, followers for free.

The seedling quality also depends on the seeds. Before buying a seed, you need to collect all the information about it: characteristics of varieties, disease resistance, reviews of producers on the Internet. You need to buy zoned varieties, since they are most suitable for growing in this region.

In the spring, at the beginning of February, the prepared soil must be brought into the house for defrosting. After that, the soil must be scattered into boxes with a drain and spilled with a strong hot solution of manganese. After the earth dries out, you need to prepare it for seedlings. The soil should be loose, light, slightly acidic (close to neutral). Add ash, a little soot to the prepared soil (the plants will be strong). To keep the soil moist and not dry out, you can add some steamed sawdust or moss.

When using purchased soil, it must be borne in mind that peat is its basis. It is poorly permeable to water and has a high acidity. It can also be used to make suitable seedling soil by adding garden soil, ash, soot, chalk, sawdust or moss. The mixture must be spilled with boiling water with manganese for disinfection.

Sowing seeds

Sowing tomatoes for seedlings should be started from mid-February, taking into account their germination period up to 10 days and before planting in open ground - 60 days.

To be sure that the seeds are not infected with viral and fungal diseases, the material must be disinfected in a 0.5% soda solution by soaking them for a day. Soda will help speed up fruiting. In a 0.5% solution of aloe, the seeds are soaked for 24 hours. It boosts seed immunity and improves yields.

Until the tomato seedlings get stronger, it is necessary to water it with warm, settled water from a spray bottle. The soil should be moderately moist. Illustration for the article is used under a standard license © ofazende.ru
Until the tomato seedlings get stronger, it is necessary to water it with warm, settled water from a spray bottle. The soil should be moderately moist. Illustration for the article is used under a standard license © ofazende.ru
After disinfection, the seeds must be germinated. Put the seeds in a cotton cloth soaked in water and put in a plastic bag. Place the bag in a warm place and monitor the moisture content of the fabric.

After the seeds hatch, they can be sown into the prepared soil. In the soil, use a pencil or a round stick to push grooves up to 1.5 cm deep, at a distance of 3 cm, and spread tomato seeds in them. Sprinkle the grains with soil, cover the boxes with cellophane, and put them in a warm place with a temperature of up to + 25 ° С. After the first sprouts appear, the container must be taken out to a bright, cool room with a temperature of up to + 16 ° C for 6-7 days. Then the boxes are returned back.

Seedling care

Until the seedlings get stronger, it is necessary to water it with warm, settled water from a spray bottle. The soil should be moderately moist.

Plants should receive good lighting. They should be placed on the southern or southwestern window sills. If there is little light, you need to supplement it with fluorescent lamps.

2-3 weeks after the appearance of a pair of real leaves, the seedlings need to be dived into separate cups or boxes according to the 6x6 cm scheme. Plants need to be watered well. And with the help of a diving peg, they dig out 1 copy from the box. Having shortened the root by a third, the plant is planted in a prepared hole.

In order for the seedlings to take root and grow, the seedlings must be fed. To do this, make an aqueous solution at the rate of 10 g of ammonium nitrate, 40 g of superphosphate and 10 g of potassium sulfate per 10 liters of water. After 10 days, fertilizing is carried out with organic substances: chicken droppings (1:12) or soot (0.3: 10). The third time is fertilized a few days before planting in the ground.

Before planting in the soil, the plants must be hardened. When the tomatoes have 8-10 true leaves, they are ready to be planted outdoors.

Properly grown seedlings should have a strong root system, thick stems and large leaves. This is the key to a high harvest.

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