Sheaf cucumber: methods of cultivation

  • Dec 24, 2019

To gather a good harvest, should not only learn how to choose the right varieties of cucumbers, but also to grow them. characterized by a greater number of the ovaries at the nodes for horticultural crops beam type - about 10. Depending on the location of the beds and care for garden crops from one hive in a season you can collect about 400-500 fruits.

Growing cucumbers. Illustration for an article is used for a standard license © ofazende.ru
Growing cucumbers. Illustration for an article is used for a standard license © ofazende.ru

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Methods of cultivation

Sheaf cucumber gives a big crop, so for them need to learn to take care of properly. Otherwise, not all of the ovary will bear fruit, that is, perish.

Cucumbers in the greenhouse. Illustration for an article is used for a standard license © ofazende.ru
Cucumbers in the greenhouse. Illustration for an article is used for a standard license © ofazende.ru

Cucumbers need a place to grow. Greenhouse plants must be kept at a distance from each other: 1 m² is allowed no more than 3 plants. If vegetable planted in open ground, then to 1 m may be 4 bush.

For a good harvest requires a strong root system. If the bushes are planted in open ground in the spring, it is better to make a temporary shelter, for example agrovoloknom or plastic film.

The fruiting period, so that the plant could withstand the pressure caused by the large number of ovaries, must be 1 time per week to spend feeding. Garden plants required fertilizers, they contribute 10-20 g / m².

Growth may accelerate the vegetables placed in a greenhouse container with fermented grass or manure. Ripe fruits should be collected every 1-2 days. Overgrown cucumbers, that remain on the plant, will deplete the bush and does not appear to give a new ovaries. They will also contribute to the destruction of the existing beams.

If the cucumbers grown in the open ground, their fruition will increase if placed in the garden trellis. The necessary to dig the ground posts, the height of which is not less than 2 m. Between them tensioned wire 3 in series. It should consolidate a special agrarian grid. Recommended cell diameter - 15-20 cm. Scourge of plants allowed on this grid.

The choice of varieties

If you have bought the variety of beam cucumbers, but little of the ovaries, the cause may be a fake seeds. If the goods are high quality, but the bush still little fruit, in most cases the cause is improper care. This garden culture likes light, heat and humidity. Sudden changes in temperature and excess fertilizer can lead to a decrease in yield.

Caring for cucumbers. Illustration for an article is used for a standard license © ofazende.ru
Caring for cucumbers. Illustration for an article is used for a standard license © ofazende.ru

If the plant is thrown into the greenhouse, you should give preference to self-pollinated varieties. In the open field can be planted parthenocarpic hybrids and pcheloopyljaemogo.

Plants that are well branched and allow the harvest to the end of the summer season:

  • Tom Thumb;
  • Ensign;
  • Three tank driver;
  • Brawler;
  • Marina Grove;
  • Chistye Prudy.

All these seeds need to be labeled F1.

Not strongly expand, ie have moderate branching, and long fruit crops such:

  • F1 Ant;
  • F1 Grasshopper;
  • F1's trump card;
  • F1 cheetah.

For precocious plants include:

  • F1 bouquet;
  • F1 Alphabet;
  • F1 Balalaika.

Gardeners who grow cucumbers in the country and can take the time to care for plants and harvest only on weekends, you should prefer such cultivars (marked F1):

  • Balcony;
  • toddler;
  • Be healthy;
  • Acorn;
  • Captain.

when to plant

Planting cucumber seedlings will begin the harvest a few weeks earlier than the plants, the seeds of which were planted in a greenhouse or open field.

Seedlings cucumbers. Illustration for an article is used for a standard license © ofazende.ru
Seedlings cucumbers. Illustration for an article is used for a standard license © ofazende.ru

For greenhouses, which are not heated, seedlings should be prepared towards the end of April. If the plant seeds are in the open ground, their sow after ground temperature reaches + 14 ° C. In the greenhouse to sow before you can start at the beginning of May. To prevent root rot, to each well it is recommended to put "Gliokladin" (one tablet will be enough).

Hybrids are not designed to collect seeds - from their next generation should not expect a good harvest. In addition, the fruit may be irregularly shaped.

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