Types and varieties of juniper most commonly used in landscape design

  • Dec 13, 2020

Good afternoon, my reader. Juniper refers to conifers that can decorate any garden or summer cottage. More than 70 different species are known - from creeping on the ground to columnar trees. The plant tolerates pruning well, which makes it possible to carry out any design ideas.

Juniper. Illustration for this article is used under a standard license © ofazende.com
Juniper. Illustration for this article is used under a standard license © ofazende.com

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Common juniper

Presented in the form of a tree or shrub. It is frost-resistant, easily adapts to polluted air, and can easily grow on poor soils. Representatives are known that reach 12 meters in height, the forms of plants are diverse.

It has a flaky bark and dark red shoots. The needles are narrow, prickly, slightly more than 1.5 cm long.

The most common varieties of this type include:

  • Suetsica. Columnar dense shrub up to 4 m high. Prefers to grow in well-lit places. Unpretentious, suitable for creating compositions in the garden.
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  • Green Carpet. Maximum height half a meter, width up to 1.5 meters. Its creeping shoots look great on slopes and rocks.
  • Hibernica. The tree reaches 4 meters in height, narrow, reminiscent of a column. It grows on all types of soil, but requires tying branches for the winter to avoid breakage under the weight of snow and to provide shelter from the spring sun.
  • Gold Con. Juniper with a conical shape and high density. It grows no more than 4 m. The crown circumference of an adult tree is 1 m. It attracts attention with a variety of color of needles, depending on the season. In winter it is bronze, in spring it is yellow, in summer it is green, in autumn it is yellow-green.

Rocky juniper

The tree is in the shape of a pyramid, reaching a height of up to 10 m. Frost-resistant, resistant to many adverse conditions. Suitable for creating tall and dense hedges.

The most famous and most unpretentious are 2 varieties:

  • Skyrocket. Resistant to frost, wind, drought. Height does not exceed 8 m. Crown circumference - 1 m. It is recommended to tie tree branches for the winter.
  • Blue Arrow. Low grade, up to 5 m high with a crown width not reaching a meter. The shoots are hard, the needles are blue. Prefers well-lit places.

Virgin juniper

It has a unique wood that is resistant to decay processes. The plant is resistant to drought and frost, and is also loyal to partial shade. When decorating gardens and parks, the following varieties are used:

  • Gray Oul. A low (up to 1.5 m) shrub with silvery needles and graceful branches. A large number of cones only decorate the plant.
  • Hatz. It has gray needles, its width is equal to its length, approximately 2 × 2 m. Suitable for planting in large areas - it grows very quickly.
  • Canaherty. An oval tree with dense branches, reaches a height of 7 m. The needles are dark green.
  • Glauka. Columnar tree up to 5 m in height. The color of the needles is silver.
  • Blue Cloud. Creeping variety up to half a meter in height. The needles are small, gray with a blue tint.
Juniper. Illustration for this article is used under a standard license © ofazende.com

Chinese juniper

Most of them are trees that easily tolerate drought. Height up to 20 m and the area of ​​growth allows you to form bonsai from them. Some varieties are represented by shrubs, which can be used in the decoration of small areas.

  • Variegata. On the blue-green crown, there are light spots of yellow shades. Height up to 2 m and width up to one meter. In the spring it requires shelter from the sun.
  • Kurivao Gold. It has a round crown with green needles. It is about 2 m long and about 2 m wide. Suitable for rocky gardens.
  • Blue Alps. Has a dense crown from which the shoots hang. Undemanding to the composition of the soil, but prefers to grow in well-lit places.
  • Blauw. Feels good in partial shade. Both the height and the width do not exceed 1.5 meters.

Junipers Cossack

Creeping shrubs resistant to frost. Most often they are used to strengthen the slopes. The varieties differ not only in color, but also in size.

  • Tamariscifolia. Undemanding to soil composition and irrigation. It grows both in the sun and in the shade. The color of the needles in the illuminated area will be saturated, in the shade - pale.
  • Glauka. It has blue-gray needles with a bronze tint. Cones are covered with a bloom of a bluish hue, which looks amazing against the background of needles.
  • Arcadia. Within a few years, a carpet will grow from a small bush, covering a significant part of the site. The needles are soft, light green.
Juniper. Illustration for this article is used under a standard license © ofazende.com

Juniper scaly

The species is resistant to drought and lack of fertile soil. To decorate gardens, spreading varieties with silvery needles are used.

  • Meyeri. With the help of regular haircuts, it is easy to achieve a dense, but at the same time openwork shrub shape.
  • Blue Star. Suitable for landing on slopes, hills, curbs.
  • Blue Carpet. Suitable for reinforcing slopes and slopes. Grows quickly, has dark blue cones covered with a light bloom.
Junipers will not only decorate the garden and create coziness in it, but also purify and refresh the air. Plant varieties are so diverse that they can decorate a garden for every taste.

Do you plant junipers in the country?

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