Forcing hyacinths at home: everything is easier than it seems

  • Dec 24, 2019

In the harsh winter and early spring fresh flowers - a true gift for the holiday or anniversary. For this, forcing hyacinths.

Forcing hyacinths. Illustration for an article is used for a standard license © ofazende.ru
Forcing hyacinths. Illustration for an article is used for a standard license © ofazende.ru

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Time digging hyacinths

In the autumn, to recuperate the bulbs after flowering, the plants need to fertilize with 20% aqueous wood ash solution or extract from the straw, which contains all trace elements for their nutrition and growth. Arrow buds should be cut immediately after flowering. Tubers nourish the remaining green leaves, where photosynthesis takes place, so they are not cut off.

When the colors of the leaves will turn yellow and dry and will be separated from the bulbs, they dig. Since the tubers are sitting deep in the ground, dig their forks, not to hurt. It is the third decade of June and beginning of July.

Dug tubers need to gently clean off the ground, remove the remaining leaves and wash. To disinfect them need a half-hour soak in a solution of manganese steep. After all treatments the bulbs laid out to dry in a well-ventilated room sunny 5-7 days at 30 ° C.

Storing bulbs

For the distillation is necessary to select a healthy, dense and heavy tubers at least 6 cm in diameter.

For laying the flower buds healthy for 2 weeks bulbs should be kept in the space with the humidity to 80% at + 30 ° C. Lowering to + 25 ° C, they are kept for 3 weeks at the same humidity. Gradually the temperature was lowered to + 15... + 18 ° C, at which they are stored in a ventilated area until planting. Proper execution of all of these works - the key to forcing hyacinths success.

planting bulbs

In early October, they are planted in order to get flowers for the New Year, and March 8 - in mid-October.

hyacinths Variety is also important. For early forcing the New Year suitable varieties Ostara, Bismarck, Kohler. For distillation by 14 February - Amethyst, Carnegie, Scarlett. By March 8 - Madame, Harlem, Crystal.

Pots of bulbs should be spacious, in diameter - 9 cm and height - no more than 12 cm. If you want to plant a few tubers in 1 bottle, it picked up more in diameter depending on the distance between them in 2 cm. Bulbs should not come into contact with the wall of the pot.

For forcing hyacinths need to select a healthy, dense and heavy tubers at least 6 cm in diameter. Illustration for an article is used for a standard license © ofazende.ru
For forcing hyacinths need to select a healthy, dense and heavy tubers at least 6 cm in diameter. Illustration for an article is used for a standard license © ofazende.ru

At the bottom of the hole you need to pour a concrete block and a little vermiculite. On drainage - the land of the garden with sand or perlite so that the tip of the bulb was at the edge of the pot. The land can add black or activated carbon.

Before planting the tubers need to be disinfected in a red solution of manganese. For faster distillation they can be treated stimulator Kornevinom growth. The bulbs are broken down into the earth in the pots and fill the prepared ground at 2/3 of their height. The ground around the well to seal hands fill up with sand and pour 0,2% solution of calcium nitrate.

cold rooting

After planting, you need to create conditions for a short winter period depending on the duration of distillation 10 to 16 weeks. Pot must cover paper bag with holes for ventilation and put in a cool place (not higher than + 7 ° C). It can be taken on the insulated balcony or any other place with such temperature.

During the rest need to monitor the moisture of the earth in the pots. Plants are often watered, the land should be slightly moist. It is best to pour through the pan, and if after watering it there is water, it must be drained to avoid rotting of the roots. It may sometimes be added to the water solution Kornevina.

When the sprout from the bulbs will grow up to 2.5 cm, which means that the period of hibernation is over.

Adaptation and distillation hyacinth

The flowers have been adapted, these can be transferred into a warm room (up to + 12 ° C) and leave even under the package for 2 days. Then, the temperature can be increased to + 18 ° C and remove the caps; after some time - bring to + 22 ° C. Increasing daylight hours to 10 hours, you can speed up the blooming buds.

Watering should be a daily and moderate, defended with warm water. Fertilizers used in the period of bud staining. Subject to all conditions in 3-4 weeks you can see the flowering hyacinth, which lasts 20 days.

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