The old way of reproduction of trees and shrubs

  • Dec 24, 2019

Breeding new crops gardeners use the old method of reproduction of trees and shrubs. It has its advantages and disadvantages. Gardeners use method, since they do not need to purchase special equipment, a bush is not deformed, it preserves the original appearance.

multiplication of trees and shrubs air layering. Illustration for an article is used for a standard license © ofazende.ru
multiplication of trees and shrubs air layering. Illustration for an article is used for a standard license © ofazende.ru

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air layering

Summer residents seek to preserve the variety of fruit trees, giving a bountiful harvest. They spend the reproduction of plants with the help of air bending back and get a new seedling.

Additional parts are formed by rooting stalks among other branches forming the crown. Cottager starts in the second half of March, when the trunks of trees and shrubs there is an active movement of nutrients.

For propagation choose:

  • grapes;
  • currants;
  • Lemon room;
  • figs;
  • fruit trees.
Gardener inspects the crown, is healthy branch not less than 3 years, which should be located in the horizontal direction. Using a ruler measures a distance from 1 to 12 cm (for fruit trees), designating it as the segment that is grow roots.

For grapes and currants part of the stem, forming new shoots, is equal to 8 cm. Determine the height of the seedling; it is equal to the interval between the end point of the selected threads and root growth.

For fruit trees distance is 50 cm. Root system is formed in the plastic container, which fills cottager nutrient composition. It is placed on the branch of a tree, in the place where they will spend the rooting.

The container has a volume of 2 liters. Cottager controls the formation of new shoots. It takes a bottom portion of a plastic bottle, an incision on each side of its wall with an awl make holes having a diameter corresponding to the size of the stem at a point rooting.

Before creating the grower root system performs the following steps: in the segment intended for the formation of new shoots, bark makes two incisions at depth 0.15-1.5 mm.

The bark is separated from a tree trunk between the first and second slits. On the reverse side is performed 4 long bark incision whose length is not less than 10 cm. Branch shelter rag soaked in a means of accelerating the formation of roots.

Polyethylene is placed on top to prevent drying of the cortex. In this state, it is left for 24 hours; If you need further moistened with a special compound. Then the film is removed, the exposed portion is treated by means of special wounds. Gardener prepared attaches to a support container that the container has not fallen to the ground after filling of nutrient composition.

Marsh moss to form roots

Cottager uses sphagnum breeding of new plants, such as orchids. Bush cuttings can root via bog moss. To work take small branches arborvitae or lilac.

Cottagers uses sphagnum for breeding new plant. Illustration for an article is used for a standard license © ofazende.ru
Cottagers uses sphagnum for breeding new plant. Illustration for an article is used for a standard license © ofazende.ru

Gardener prepares in advance the necessary tools and materials:

  • Cut sprouts;
  • black polyethylene;
  • sphagnum;
  • pure liquid;
  • tray;
  • wire;
  • preparation to promote the formation of roots.

Take the black film moss wetted and spread it on the polyethylene. Sphagnum layer should not exceed 3-4 cm. On the escape terminated lower leaves, make a new cut a few centimeters below the kidneys.

Incision abundantly moistened with liquid and is impregnated with a stimulating composition. Escape put on sphagnum so that its upper part with a sheet is outside the film. The remaining cuttings are laid out on the cover, keeping the same intervals between them.

Polyethylene is then rolled into a roll. If the moss is dry, moisten it with the spray liquid. Shoots trapped inside the package, tied thread or wire. The roll is placed in a tray; if necessary marsh moss scrubbing liquid. Sphagnum absorbs moisture and prevents drying shoots.

Lilacs are propagated using cuttings. Each left only 2 of the sheet. The lower part threads wetted growth stimulator and shoots spread on a polyethylene film, and then form a roll.

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Read more:5 mistakes when growing currants, which deprive you harvest