Fertilizer for seedlings - what to choose and how to feed the plants

  • Dec 24, 2019

Grow high yields of vegetables - the dream of every gardener. Whatever good seed varieties not purchased, get a harvest, can not be indicated on the label, do not grow well healthy seedlings. Needed organic and microbiological fertilizers to do it.

To grow good healthy seedlings need organic and microbial fertilizers. Illustration for an article is used for a standard license © ofazende.ru
To grow good healthy seedlings need organic and microbial fertilizers. Illustration for an article is used for a standard license © ofazende.ru

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Useful fertilizers

The most useful are the organic fertilizers: mullein, peat, sludge, ash, bone meal, straw - it is the waste products of plants and animals. They provide ground living microorganisms, restore water and air treatment.

The most convenient and useful for seedlings are aqueous mullein, rotted horse manure, straw and fly ash. In its composition straw contains the entire set of microelements relevant plants: nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium, sulfur, boron, copper, manganese, zinc and cobalt.

Land for seedlings

It is necessary to prepare an early autumn in boxes or containers in which it will be convenient to mix. The need to make the ground peat, which will increase the humus content in it, will provide friability, air permeability, which is very important for the roots. It should be added rotted horse manure and chopped straw or chaff, which will enrich the soil with all the necessary microelements. If there is no straw, it is necessary to prepare the tea leaves in the summer drinking of tea. The prepared mixture was poured aqueous mullein; from time to time, it loosened and stirred. During the cold mixture should be repeatedly freeze and then make into a warm room for defrosting. This will get rid of harmful microorganisms and pests, their eggs and larvae.

In the spring, a month before planting the seed, the land is necessary to bring in a warm room, defrost, spread out on boxes for sowing and throw a hot aqueous solution of potassium permanganate for disinfection.

fertilizing seedlings

On the next day after thawing the soil should be spread on the boxes and pour Bessarab solution consisting of 1 liter of milk whey for 1 hour. l. sour cream, 1 l of thawed water, 1 tbsp. l. honey and 10 g of wet yeast. Pour the ingredients in a 10 liter tank and pour hot water defended. If a plastic tank - light, it should be placed in a black plastic bag and leave the house warm near the battery for 4 days. Then 1 tbsp. l. the solution should be diluted in 1 bucket of water and pour the prepared ground warm (10 ° C). Next you need to leave the soil for 2 weeks, to wake up the body. The ground should be at least + 14 ° C. During this time the solution will destroy harmful bacteria in the ground, enriching it with minerals and vitamins. Plants grown in this land will become an increased immune to powdery mildew and late blight.

Fertilizing seedlings. Illustration for an article is used for a standard license © ofazende.ru
Fertilizing seedlings. Illustration for an article is used for a standard license © ofazende.ru
Now, to enrich the ground with all the necessary fertilizers, seeds can be sown seedlings. It will only need to be watered and gently loosened, no longer feeding.

After picking plants should be fed with the same solution, only the rate of one tenth. l. a bucket of water. With this solution is carried out and preventing various diseases. With the help of fertilizer on the leaves are destroyed pests.

Other organic fertilizers

There are other options fertilizer for seedlings.

The aqueous solution vermicompost - a product of various vital worms. It is rich in biologically active substances, it contains enzymes, vitamins, soil antibiotics and growth hormones. Means accelerates the germination of seeds and plants are growing strong.

An aqueous solution of bone meal enriches the soil with calcium and phosphorus, accelerates growth, make it stronger, help the rapid development of the root system.

An aqueous solution of wood ash, saturate the ground with all the necessary trace elements necessary for the growth of seedlings. Protect it from pests and diseases.

When the plants on the second true leaf supply of nutrients from the seed end, and it proceeds to feed from the soil by the roots. From this point we should start feeding 1 time per week. Before the fertilizer is necessary to humidify the soil, fertilize - only aqueous solutions.

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