Seedlings of cauliflower - how to grow without problems

  • Dec 24, 2019

Cauliflower is rich in nutrients and vitamins, so it is engaged in the cultivation of many gardeners. Still part of the vegetable a small amount of fiber, which is why it is rapidly absorbed by the body and is allowed to infants. Taste properties of the product are not lost even after a thorough freezing.

Cauliflower is rich in nutrients and vitamins, so many gardeners grow it. Illustration for an article is used for a standard license © ofazende.ru
Cauliflower is rich in nutrients and vitamins, so many gardeners grow it. Illustration for an article is used for a standard license © ofazende.ru

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planting and care principles

Cauliflower seedlings need proper care at different stages of maturation. To obtain high yields it is important to observe the following rules:

  • Sowing seeds of early maturing varieties of seedlings is carried out in late winter or early spring, and the displacement of seedlings in open ground - at the end of April to mid-May. Representatives of the middle-species are planted only in the beginning of April 10-15. On the beds they are transferred on May 20 - June 15.
  • Cauliflower requires bright light and regular watering. Mature plants are wetted 1 day a week, and the young - 2 times a week. The optimum amount of water for 1 procedure is 6-8 liters per m². As the ripening rate will increase.
  • Proper care of a plant comprises applying to the soil fertilizing. Feed the culture needed 3-4 times per season, using organic and mineral compounds. 1 times cabbage fertilized 21 days after planting in open ground. This procedure is used mullein 500 ml per plant. The second top dressing is carried out after 10 days, the third - after 2 weeks.
  • Unlike other species, cauliflower afraid of sudden drop in temperature and in need of warmth. If temperature indicators fall below + 8 ° C, the seedlings may die or form a small head. The best temperature conditions for maturation cabbage is +18... + 20 ° C.

Preparation and planting of seedlings

Cauliflower decided to plant seedling method. Before sowing the seeds they must be carefully treated. Primarily, they are placed in a thermos with warm water, heated to + 50 ° C and held there for 15 minutes. Then the seed is immersed in a container of cold water and soaked in the nutrient solution for half a day. After thorough washing, the seeds still kept for 24 hours in the refrigerator.

Processed specimens may be seeded in separate pots. Such an approach would avoid the pick, which has a negative impact on the state of young plants.

A pot filled with drainage layer and the substrate with a neutral acidity. It is created from four parts peat, 1 hr. - mullein and 1.5 hours. - sawdust. Even gardeners use a potting soil:

  • 10 parts humus;
  • 1 h. - sand;
  • 1 h. - lowland peat.

Still wet the soil thoroughly fertilized with ash and mix.

Cauliflower requires proper care at different stages of maturation. Illustration for an article is used for a standard license © ofazende.ru
Cauliflower requires proper care at different stages of maturation. Illustration for an article is used for a standard license © ofazende.ru

The seeds should be immersed 0.5 cm deep, and then hold the seal substrate.

Growing cauliflower, you can do without a pick, because This procedure has a bad effect on seedlings. However, if the seeds were planted in a common box, as they mature they should be transplanted.

Dive seedlings can be in 2 weeks after germination, using a large capacity. After picking plants need to hold a couple of days in a warm environment with a temperature of +21 ° C.

Transplant to the open ground

Early-maturing varieties accepted transplanted into the open ground in the second half of spring. If middle-grown cauliflower, action is transferred to the end of spring and beginning of summer. Most late varieties are planted in the garden at 30 days after sowing the seeds.

Before the transplant is necessary to properly prepare the soil. It is fed with a solution based on 3 g of superphosphate and 3 g of potassium chloride, diluted in 1 liter of water. The procedure increases the cold resistance of culture and stimulates its development.

Depending on the varietal characteristics of cauliflower between each well was kept a little distance, the standard - 35 cm. The seedlings are immersed in the soil before the first leaf, and then compacted and watered. When the landing in the middle of the spring needed to shelter the young seedlings with plastic or non-woven fabric to prevent it from freezing out at night frosts.

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