In the process of laying the question arises acutely in the apartment new wiring that public places should be positioned installation products (sockets and switches). On the correctness of their placement depends not only convenience, but also the safety of operation of electrical equipment. At the same time it accepted the provisions of the EMP, which provides guidelines for installing them.
Consideration of the proper installation of sockets in the house should begin with the adoption of the statement that a single standard, strictly regulating their location does not exist.
Important! All normative documents are only recommendations on his choice.
From this it follows that to select a suitable zone for mounting sockets products can arbitrarily.
However, it required consideration of the following factors:
- Type where wiring is conducted.
- Convenience everyday socket (availability of free access to it).
- Safety of operation (the reach of children, in particular).
- Aesthetics as part of the wiring.
These factors are often difficult to combine due to conflicting requirements for the placement of sockets. So, for children's access restrictions, such as the product according to the Soviet standards set at a height of 90-100 cm. On the other hand in this installation violates the requirements of aesthetics as a part of the wiring. In addition, not all the items of furniture environment allow you to place them in this place.
Because most users at one time welcomed the new standard, called the European. According to him sockets in the living rooms were placed at a height of about 30 cm from the floor (photo below).
The question of danger for children filmed one simple solution: apply the product with holes protected by special shutters. Their distance from the doors and windows through the overhang was chosen on the basis of the provisions of the EMP. Today the common requirements for the installation of sockets in a residential area does not exist. Each owner sets them as he sees fit, adhering to the recommendations of the main regulatory document.
Mount positioning elements in the kitchen
Quite differently solved this problem in the kitchen. Here, a plurality of appliances, a place whose position is determined not so much by the standards in force, many communication features liner.
Note: It concerns hoods, gas, oven, and a washing machine and dishwasher, in particular.
From the above photo shows that each of the sockets positions "tied" to a particular arrangement of the household appliance. In this case, the socket can be placed directly in the plinth floor with a space from it by 15-20 cm, and very close to the line joining the wall to the ceiling (for drawing). Connect the average location devices (microwave, blender, etc. N.) Can be a group of sockets mounted in the center of a kitchen set at a height of approximately 100-110 cm.
This room, like the kitchen has its own characteristics, related to the installation location rosette products.
They are determined by the following factors:
- Ease of connectivity available in the bathroom electrical appliances and components (accessories shower, washing machine and similar equipment).
- Removing them from moisture.
Based on all the above, the place of installation sockets in the bath is usually chosen at a height of about 60 cm and at the same distance from the source of moisture (pictured below).
For their connection to the residential power supply is required to provide the RCD tripping line when a leakage current due to moisture.