Why and how to dig the soil

  • Dec 24, 2019

Loosening the soil is an important reclamation technique. However, among the growers are often disputes about whether to dig the soil in the garden, and how to do it.

Caring for the soil. Illustration for an article is used for a standard license © ofazende.ru
Caring for the soil. Illustration for an article is used for a standard license © ofazende.ru

Please put the Huskies and subscribe to the channel "About Fazenda". This will enable us to publish more interesting garden articles.

Why you need to dig over the soil

Soil - bioinert natural formation, which is full of living organisms, providing its fertility due to processing of humus in the humus and available for saturation with nitrogen plants. Heavy parent material gives a more compacted soil layer in which little air and moisture poorly circulating. In such circumstances geobiontov activity decreases. Therefore, you need to dig over the soil on the site. This indirectly increases fertility.

The soil at the site. Illustration for an article is used for a standard license © ofazende.ru
The soil at the site. Illustration for an article is used for a standard license © ofazende.ru

There are a number of other reasons that determine the need for digging soil:

instagram viewer
  • from the lower levels to the upper layers move washed minerals necessary to the crop plants;
  • the roots of perennial weeds and insect larvae infestation are turned out on the surface and freeze in the winter;
  • weed seeds, on the contrary, when digging deepened, reducing their viability;
  • vegetable waste is mixed with the ground and goes into humus.

But along with the advantages of digging the soil has its drawbacks, as with the pests in the upper layers fall beneficial organisms that are killed by low temperatures. In addition, frequent tillage leads to rapid evaporation of moisture and the destruction of the structural elements of the soil.

How to dig site

Experienced specialists recommend to dig the soil once. Autumn is considered more appropriate season for these activities. This is especially important to consider in areas with inadequate moisture.

Site preparation. Illustration for an article is used for a standard license © ofazende.ru
Site preparation. Illustration for an article is used for a standard license © ofazende.ru

Autumn digging called "autumn plowing" or "digging under the plowing." To conduct this work is necessary as late as possible before the onset of frost. This is the right time to make compost and fertilizer. Mixed with the soil, the nutrients will dissolve in it. By the spring of the beds will be ready for planting.

If tillage is done manually, it is necessary to know some subtleties:

  • works better spending sharp spade;
  • it is necessary to immerse into the soil at a right angle to the full bayonet, capturing ground in small portions and twisting on the surface;
  • slightly earthy clods broken shovel (leveling rake is best done in the spring);
  • the soil around trees, shrubs and perennial herbaceous crops delves no deeper than 10 cm, so as not to damage their roots.

It is not necessary to dig wetlands. In this case, it is compacted and becomes rough and lumpy. Check the readiness of ground can be a simple way. For this depth of 30-50 cm is extracted a small amount of soil from which is formed are not particularly dense lump. At the optimal humidity it scatters light from hitting a hard surface. Too wet soil better dig when it is slightly podmerznet.

If late in the autumn digging, the procedure can be done in the spring, but not later than 1 week before the mass landings. At this time it is better to give up digging deep, otherwise you can dry up the beds. You can make fertilizer and well-rotted humus. From making plant debris should refrain, leaving him to fall into the compost pit.

As a result, we conclude: Digging one time and it is better in the fall. The earth will respond to our concern for a good harvest.

original articleand many other materials can be found on ourwebsite.

Please put the Huskies and subscribe to the channel "About Fazenda". This will enable us to publish more interesting garden articles.

Read more:Prepare proper beds for winter garlic