Eschinanthus: species, conditions of detention, reproduction

  • Dec 13, 2020
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Good afternoon, my reader. Eschinanthus is an ampelous indoor plant, characterized by bright and lush flowering. There are several types of it, differing from each other in color and shape of inflorescences.

Eschinanthus. Illustration for the article is used from the site rassadacity.ru
Eschinanthus. Illustration for the article is used from the site rassadacity.ru

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Popular types of eschinanthus

Aeschinanthus is rich in various subspecies, but most often only a few of them can be found - they are attractive in appearance and are sold in any store where there are indoor flowers. In addition, young shoots can be taken from friends.

Aeschinanthus beautiful or magnificent

A plant with long (up to 50 cm) hanging stems covered with dense oblong leaves. Each peduncle has up to 10 tubular flowers, yellow at the base and bright red at the edges.

Eschinanthus the beautiful

It looks like beautiful escinanthus, but the leaves and flowers are larger, and there are more bright tubes on one peduncle.

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Eschinanthus marble

The dark green leaves are covered with yellowish spots, which visually resembles marble (hence the name). Peduncle tubules are yellow-green, poorly developed.

Caroline

Differs in burgundy flowers and lowered oblong leaves.

Twister

The flowers are orange-red. Leaves are waxy, strongly curled.

Mona lisa

The least capricious subspecies. Differs in intricately curved bright red flowers without yellow blotches.

Eschinanthus. Illustration for the article is used from the site hozsektor.ru

Home care

Due to its tropical origin, Aeschinanthus loves warmth, abundance of light and high humidity. Optimal conditions for keeping, regardless of the variety chosen:

  • Temperature: 23-25 ​​degrees in summer and 16-18 degrees in winter. We need temperature fluctuations during the day in the range of 2-3 degrees.
  • Humidity: high. It is advisable to put a container of water near the pot with the plant. In dry air, regular spraying is necessary.
  • Watering: once a week (in winter - once every 10-14 days), use soft, settled water at room temperature.
  • Lighting: plentiful, but without prolonged exposure to direct sunlight.
  • Soil: light, loose soil with high air permeability (for example, an earth mixture for orchids or Saintpaulias). You can add a little pine bark, sphagnum moss or charcoal to it, mixing thoroughly. Any drainage is also needed.
  • Pot: cramped, with roots adjoining the walls.
  • Transfer: only required when the plant ceases to fit in the pot or the soil is depleted.
  • Pruning: it is necessary for the formation of the crown, and also so that the extra shoots do not draw out the juices - this makes the flowering scarce and the plant weak. Shoots are also cut in order to grow a new flower out of them.
  • Pest control: only needed upon infection. The most popular pests of Aeschinanthus: spider mites, gray rot, thrips. For treatment, treatment with insecticidal preparations or a solution of laundry soap is used.

Reproduction

The easiest and most popular way to propagate Aeschinanthus is by cuttings. For this, shoots no shorter than 5–6 cm are cut from the mother bush (it is advisable to do this at the time of pruning to form a crown) and placed in a glass of water until roots appear on them. Then they are planted in a uniform mixture of sand and peat and covered with cellophane to create a greenhouse effect (nevertheless you need to make several small holes for the oxygen supply, and also remove the cellophane for several minutes).

You can also plant the cuttings in a pot filled with moss, sprinkle with peat on top. When the roots have developed, the young plant is transferred to a regular pot and cared for as an adult.

The most comfortable air temperature for cuttings: 26 degrees.

Under favorable conditions, young plants take root within a few weeks. Then they need regular soil.

Aeschinanthus belongs to the capricious types of domestic plants, but in gratitude for good care it will delight with abundant and lush flowering for a long time.

Is escinanthus growing in your home?

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