Cucumber on the balcony - the old technology of cultivation

  • Dec 24, 2019

Balcony apartment, especially if it comes out on the south side can be a good replacement for the greenhouse. In winter, you can easily grow cucumbers on a balcony. For crops not require a lot of effort and investment.

In winter, you can easily grow cucumbers on a balcony. Illustration for an article is used for a standard license © ofazende.ru
In winter, you can easily grow cucumbers on a balcony. Illustration for an article is used for a standard license © ofazende.ru

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Training capacity and the substrate

To develop a good root system, each seedling needs a separate capacity for 3 liters or more. It is desirable that it was made of a dark plastic to prevent penetration to the roots of the world surplus. At the bottom must be present drainage holes. After acquiring the containers can proceed to preparation of the substrate. To this mix:

  • fertile soil - 2 parts;
  • rotted manure - 1 piece;
  • coarse river sand - 1 part;
  • peat - 1 part;
  • 1 part wood ash

All components are thoroughly mixed to obtain a homogeneous consistency. On the bottom of the tank should be laid 2 cm layer of gravel. Then the mixture was poured soil.

planting rules and care for cucumbers

On the balcony, especially in winter, it is advisable to grow cucumbers self-pollinating varieties. Seeds before planting necessarily required to germinate. First they are treated with trace elements and is heated to room temperature.

In this case, you should not use additional heat sources, as this will lead to the destruction of embryos. After that, the seeds must be treated with 1% solution of potassium permanganate and leave for 20-25 minutes. This will lead to the destruction of pathogenic microorganisms present on the surface.

Thereafter, the seeds are washed and soaked for 10-12 hours in water at room temperature. The seeds are then transferred onto a damp cloth and left at + 20 ° C... + 25 ° C. Periodically, you need to check the status of seeds, ventilate them and moistens the fabric if necessary. The seeds are considered to be ready for planting after the appearance of the germ. It occurs in 5-7 days.

On the balcony, especially in winter, it is advisable to grow cucumbers self-pollinating varieties. Illustration for an article is used for a standard license © ofazende.ru
On the balcony, especially in winter, it is advisable to grow cucumbers self-pollinating varieties. Illustration for an article is used for a standard license © ofazende.ru

Plant seeds in the substrate should be so as not to damage the germ. Bury seeds need to be no more than 1.5 cm. Be sure to moisten the soil. Capacity top covered with plastic wrap. Periodically, it is required to lift, so that the plant does not uprelo. After the first leaves, you need to stop to cover the pots with seedlings film.

The balcony is necessary to maintain the temperature of + 15 ° C... + 18 ° C. If there are signs of pulling seedlings need to install a lamp for illumination. The pot plant is limited in nutrients, so you need to make fertilizer periodically. The first feeding is carried out 2 weeks after planting the seed. For the preparation of fertilizer required in 10 l of water to dissolve 5 g of ammonium nitrate, 15 g of potassium nitrate and 5 g of magnesium sulfide, 30 g of superphosphate. pour the solution you need and soil and leaves.

The next feeding need to spend 7-10 days. To prepare the fertilizer to be mixed with water mullein diluted 1:10 and poultry manure in the proportion of 1:20. The resulting composition is diluted with 10 l of species. This mixture of water the plants.

After the start of the rapid growth of green mass is required to pull the cord, which will form the whip. Pinched operate after the appearance of the sheet 3. It is cut together with the kidney. Do not remove axillary buds at the base sheet 2, since from it will continue to develop lateral whip. The second nipping performed at 5-6 leaf. Then, the procedure is carried out every 2 sheets.

Watering must be done as the soil dries. This is particularly important in the period of fruiting. Often on balconies cucumbers affected spider mites. It is necessary to regularly check the plant to identify its symptoms in the early stages of infection. Protect plants from drafts.

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