Pruning currants: golden rules

  • Dec 24, 2019

Terms of pruning currant provide adjustment bush branch lengths in different seasons, standard left 15-20 branches, aged up to 6 years old, thin and weakened shoots are removed. bush processing plants prevents contamination by pests, fungus, provides increase of productivity, provides a good environment for future fruiting, etc.

Growing black currant. Illustration for an article is used for a standard license © ofazende.ru
Growing black currant. Illustration for an article is used for a standard license © ofazende.ru

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trimming bushes goals, stages of the procedure

Pruning of fruit crops is carried out in different periods of the bush and the seasons. Crohn currant 1-2 years beautiful shape loses the ability to fruit decreases. Overgrown branches close access to the light of new shoots. Form a crown of different varieties of shrubs begin with 1 year of planting and continue to support the plant and more than 6 years.

Care currant. Illustration for an article is used for a standard license © ofazende.ru
Care currant. Illustration for an article is used for a standard license © ofazende.ru

In the formation of the crown of fruit bushes and eliminating the old branches of the following tasks:

  • Increase fruit quality and guarantee an abundant crop for next year.
  • After cutting the nutrients are diverted to the ovaries, providing the power plant.
  • Reduced congestion young shoots and branches of the risk of a fungus, lichens, insects, etc.
  • There was a regular formation of the crown, gradually updated bush, new shoots grow the correct form.
  • Provided an annual increase of harvest, bush fruit-bearing is supported in a stable condition.

Works on pruning carried out in several stages:

  • The procedures for the formation of the crown are used for the bush up to 20 skeletal branches of different ages and executed after collecting berries in the fall or early spring.
  • Pruning is carried out in the spring with sanitary purposes and is done with the objective to remove dry, rough trunks and podmerzshie, damaged by pests sprouts.
  • To increase flower buds on the shoots growing topping is performed in the middle of summer.
  • After 5-6 years in the crown adjustment circuit includes cutting out the old dried-up branches.
  • Standard after cutting the leaves 15-20 branches under the age of 6 years. All weakened lashes, an excessive amount of young shoots and dried stems are removed.

Terms of pruning bushes of different periods of growth

For the formation of the young bush crown at the top of the seedlings harvested at 2-3 kidneys. Do not leave more than 3-4 shoots to ensure good growth during the growing season.

currant cultivation. Illustration for an article is used for a standard license © ofazende.ru
currant cultivation. Illustration for an article is used for a standard license © ofazende.ru

In the second year of vegetation pruning carried out in July to stimulate the formation of side shoots which become spurs, twigs shortened to 10-15 cm or a section with two kidneys. This will strengthen the new buds, which provide summer crop growth.

In the autumn of currants 2 was purified from the growth grown over the summer shoots, leaves several large branches. Powerful shoots become skeletal for fruit bush.

Abundant growth is recommended to remove the end of October. Thin branches will not mature before winter, and the bush will not receive nutrients.

In the third year of growth currant bushes need to remove loose shoots, branches in the middle of the bush, which later formed to obscure the fructification of the ovary. Annual shoots to be shortened. On the big branched branches leave 2-4 buds. The crop from spring to autumn harvested dried and deformed insect parts. Patients branch experts recommend to burn.

Crop currant. Illustration for an article is used for a standard license © ofazende.ru
Crop currant. Illustration for an article is used for a standard license © ofazende.ru

Shrubs require regular rejuvenate after harvest from the fifth year. Removed branches 5 or more years since the peak of abundant fruiting. Large dried branches are cut off above the ground with the capture of thin shoots, tops at the base.

The old bush is important to remove all the dried branches, located close to the ground, as well as shading the crown.

Then trimmed branched lateral branches of 2-4 years of growth, should remain only 2-4 buds developing. New shoots pinch out to 10-15 cm tops. From annual leave germs 3-5 well-formed bush whip to update and provide abundant fruiting for next season. The branches with a hollow core damaged by insects, so are cut off and burned.

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