What you need to do with tomatoes - tips for a good harvest

  • Dec 13, 2020

During the period of fruit ripening, tomato bushes need nutrients and proper care. If it is not organized, then the ovary will be small, and the already set fruits will not ripen well. To get a good harvest, you need to know what you need to do with tomatoes in July.

To get a good harvest, you need to know what you need to do with tomatoes in July. Illustration for this article is used under a standard license © ofazende.com
To get a good harvest, you need to know what you need to do with tomatoes in July. Illustration for this article is used under a standard license © ofazende.com

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Formation and feeding

The main process of formation is performed in May and June, when 2 or more stems are left on the bush, at the discretion of the owner. Throughout the summer, the plant actively grows greenery, so it is necessary to remove stepchildren and extra leaves on time. In this case, it is important not to overdo it so that the bush does not remain naked. To do this, only remove:

  • newly formed stepchildren, but not at the stem itself, but stepping back 1.5 cm from it, so that the stump remains;
  • lower rows of leaves;
  • massive foliage, which is located near the ripening brush.

Closer to autumn, favorable conditions arise for late blight, so the formation of bushes is of great importance.

The first half of July is the time for the third (last) top dressing to improve fruiting. Organic, macro- and microelements are used as fertilizers.

The optimal composition of the nutrient solution:

  • mullein - 1 l;
  • potassium sulfate - 20 g;
  • superphosphate - 20 g;
  • urea - 10 g;
  • lime - 10 g;
  • copper sulfate - 2 g.
You can moisten tomatoes at the root with regularity no more than 2 times a week. Illustration for this article is used under a standard license © ofazende.com
You can moisten tomatoes at the root with regularity no more than 2 times a week. Illustration for this article is used under a standard license © ofazende.com

The listed substances are diluted in 10 liters of water and watered: tall tomatoes - 2 liters, medium and low-growing ones - 1 liter per bush.

Watering and soil handling

The drip irrigation method is suitable for tomatoes, in which moisture does not get on the leaves and fruits. You can moisturize plants under the root with regularity no more than 2 times a week. Up to 5 liters of water are poured under each bush. If the soil is mulched, then irrigation is carried out less often.

In order for the root system to get enough air, the ground under the bushes must be loosened once a week. Processing is carried out to a depth of 10 cm so as not to damage the roots. In the process of loosening, the bushes are huddled so that they become stronger, supply the necessary nutrients to ripening fruits and can support their weight. To huddle a tomato bush, it is enough to heat about 15 cm of soil on its stem. After that, additional roots will appear on the plant. Gradually, the earth will settle, so hilling is periodically repeated.

Preventive maintenance and harvesting

In the summer, tomatoes are susceptible to pests and diseases, so attention must be paid to preventing these problems. It should be borne in mind that during the ripening of fruits, aggressive chemical preparations cannot be used, therefore, gardeners use folk remedies.

A solution is suitable for spraying, which is prepared from 3 liters of water and 1 liter of milk whey. Spraying is repeated after 10 days. In the last week of July, the bushes are examined in order to detect late blight in time. The leaves affected by the disease are removed and ripe fruits are removed, after which the bushes are treated with preparations containing copper:

  • Bordeaux liquid (1% solution);
  • Barrier;
  • Oxyhom.
In the summer, tomatoes are susceptible to pests and diseases, so attention must be paid to preventing these problems. Illustration for this article is used under a standard license © ofazende.com
In the summer, tomatoes are susceptible to pests and diseases, so attention must be paid to preventing these problems. Illustration for this article is used under a standard license © ofazende.com

It is important to remove ripe tomatoes from the bush in time so that they do not take nutrients from the plant and do not slow down the development of green fruits. Many summer residents come to the site only on weekends. In this case, it is recommended to pick slightly unripe tomatoes and wait for them to ripen at home.

It often happens that after the end of mass flowering, insects do not notice single flowers and stop pollination. In this case, artificial pollination can be carried out. For this purpose, gardeners use a brush or fan. The procedure is carried out in the morning, gently blowing the bush, and slightly shaking the stem. Another option is to transfer pollen with a brush. To attract pollinating insects, honey plants are planted next to tomato bushes.

With a large number of seedlings, the pollination process is simplified - a sweet solution is prepared from 1 liter of water and 2 tbsp. l. sugar and sprayed crops.

Taking care of tomatoes in July is not difficult, but you will have to work hard to get a good harvest.

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Read more:How to spray tomatoes in June and July in order to save and increase the harvest