How to plant fruit trees in the fall

  • Dec 24, 2019

We gardeners are often the question arises, how to plant fruit trees in autumn. The work has a particular specificity. Not knowing the rules of its implementation, it is possible to destroy fruit seedlings.

Planting fruit trees in autumn. Illustration for an article is used for a standard license © ofazende.ru
Planting fruit trees in autumn. Illustration for an article is used for a standard license © ofazende.ru

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Rules of operation

In autumn planted, not all types of apples or pears. Walnut has a tap root system and very poorly tolerate transplantation. Fruit plants are not winter-hardy, except for some local varieties of apple trees. Planting material having on the roots of a clod of earth, placed in the ground in September - early October.

If the soil in the root system was covered with cracks, crumbled, the plant may die after transplantation. Summer resident must ensure that the seasonal rise in fruit seedlings over. Terminal buds should be formed, twigs - woody completely.

If the fruit seedling planted in the ground until the completion of the growing process, the plant podmerznet. Summer visitor is obliged to strictly observe the landing time. The best time to work - from 15 September to mid-October. Seeds in this period form the root system, which actively operates.

It should not be applied to the soil a large amount of fertilizer. Gardener feeds fruit seedlings with phosphorus, which affects the formation of the root system and does not harm the plant. Other types of fertilizer containing nitrogen, potassium, calcium, adversely affect the growth and root development.

Do not add to the soil manure or lime. You can feed the seedlings drugs "Kornevin" or "Humate". These diluted liquid and introduced under the plants during watering in amounts specified in the instructions. Applied soil mulching using peat, bark, sawdust, straw, protecting roots from the effects of low temperatures and holding sufficient moisture.

Before the plant was lowered into the hole, it inspected by removing the deformed podmerzshie rotten roots. Illustration for an article is used for a standard license © ofazende.ru
Before the plant was lowered into the hole, it inspected by removing the deformed podmerzshie rotten roots. Illustration for an article is used for a standard license © ofazende.ru

tree planting schemes in different regions of Russia

Gardener divides land into several sectors, setting the place of occurrence of groundwater. Fruit crops give the highest yield, if they are planted in the southern part of the land plot. Apricot trees, peach and cherry should be well illuminated by the sun. I love the light and warmth of pear, apple and plum seedlings. Before working gardener defines the parameters of the crown plants and the length of the root system. It is necessary to measure the length of the path of the fruit plants to a country house. Experienced gardeners are advised not to plant trees at a distance of less than 4.5 meters from residential buildings.

Before the autumn planting are studying the compatibility of fruit trees. It should not be planted near the cherries and apricots. Poor coexist apple, peach, plum and walnut negative impact on all kinds of fruit trees.

Before rooting seedlings prepared hole for planting. Its size depends on the volume of the root system. Funnel diameter of 40 cm, depth is not more than 60 cm. If the roots are large, make a ditch deeper, or slow down the development of the fruit of the tree and it will die.

At the beginning of removed surface layer of soil, laid on the bottom of the well drainage. Gardener uses gravel, river gravel or small stones.

Before the plant was lowered into the hole, it inspected by removing the deformed podmerzshie rotten roots. If they are dry, the seedling was placed in a container with a liquid and maintained daily.

To create a support take a wooden peg and leave it at the bottom of the pit. Gently straighten the roots prisypaya their ground. For the nutrient mixture added in the ground compost.

It does not recommend the use of manure, which negatively affects the roots of fruit plants. If the apple is placed in the ground containing a lot of clay should be added to the planting ditch 3 bucket peat, humus or black soil, 30 liters of river sand, 750 g of wood ashes and 250 g of superphosphate.

Should not be covered with soil root neck of fruit plants. In apple, cherry plum, plum she should perform at 6 cm. Root system sprinkled ground layer of 10-15 cm, then irrigate 30 liters. You can not often be watered plantings, consider the weather and soil quality. The liquid should wash the roots of the tree, so the plants are watered abundantly, but rarely.

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