Iridary - how to create a beautiful Iris Gardens on the site

  • Dec 24, 2019

Organize iridary on the site dares not every gardener. Many of them believe that the irises pretty picky, so take the time to create a flower garden of them meaningless. These gorgeous colors are striking variety of shapes and colors. In fact, they are not so demanding in nature and they can fully grow in different kinds of soil. If you choose the right variety, you can admire the flowering irises from May to July.

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Types and popular varieties of irises

In total there are more than 700 varieties of irises and their grades and did thousands. In the modern garden centers represented hundreds of varieties of flowers. When choosing plants for your garden, we must first take into account the external data and their varietal characteristics.

bearded irises

Breeders share the irises of the species featured, for gardeners is the primary role played by the size and the flowering period. For example, the most miniature (dwarf), encouraging their blooms in mid-spring, medium - in May and June, and tall cease to bloom in June and July.

German Iris

One of the most popular varieties of bearded iris irises considered German. He has more than 100 varieties. The flower grows to 70-100 cm in height. It is growing in their natural habitat. Its flowers are conventional or terry.

Neborodatye irises

The group includes: Iris sibirica, Japanese iris, iris Spoor, Louisiana iris, iris, etc. California. Each of them is different certain types of signs.

Iris japonica

Japanese iris is called the sword-shaped irises, which are also referred to as "ground orchids." These flowers are receptive to the sunlight, organic fertilizers. Their blooms can last all summer.

Siberian Iris

This species does not exude the fragrance of iris. Therein lies its weakness. However, it is presented in different shades, steadfastly maintains windy, feels good in a shaded place, can not change to another area of ​​up to 20 years.

Iris Spur

The bush may be located in one place for up to 10 years. Characterized by the frost and drought tolerance. Reaches a height of about 1 meter. During landing bury the root of the need. For plants ideal breeding ground limestone. Outwardly resembles a bulbous irises. In larger flowers.

Iris marsh

This iris has another name - Iris pseudacorus. In their natural habitat growing on the damp ground. In decorative purposes is used for decorating ponds. If the iris is grown in marsh flower garden, it loses part of specific characters. Initially, its flowers were presented in yellow color, but over time, breeders introduced new varieties of the world.

To understand the varieties of iris can not every grower. To create a chic iridary have to take the time and learn some information about these colors.

Irises in the garden composition and layout

Irises are so diverse that they can be used for both mono and landings, and for the combination of flower beds. Tall varieties tend to act as background in complex compositions sredneroslye considered universal, and miniature irises are found both in the design of the curb, and rock gardens.

 If they are grown on a bed-monoposadke, after they ottsvetut dry buds must be removed, and dry tips of the leaves trimmed semicircle. This will prolong their decorative function. If iridary includes varieties of irises, each of which has different terms of flowering, keep in mind that it will not be bright for the entire season. In this regard, it should diversify primroses and annuals. While irises will wake up, the flowers will be an excellent decoration of flower beds. With stunted varieties perfectly match the stones. This can be a big lump, pebble.


If they are grown on a bed-monoposadke, after they ottsvetut dry buds must be removed, and dry tips of the leaves trimmed semicircle. This will prolong their decorative function. If iridary includes varieties of irises, each of which has different terms of flowering, keep in mind that it will not be bright for the entire season. In this regard, it should diversify primroses and annuals. While irises will wake up, the flowers will be an excellent decoration of flower beds. With stunted varieties perfectly match the stones. This can be a big lump, pebble.
Irises are a great ornament of the pond. They can be supplemented with a bed of continuous flowering. Note that the bushes strongly expand in width, so at the time of planting for this they need to provide a lot of space.

How to grow irises

Some people believe that high-quality iris whimsical plants. However, if you observe all the rules of their cultivation, iridary can please her beauty. To fully irises grow and bloom time, you must:

  • To plant them in a sunny, protected from the wind.
  • Before wintering cover the rhizome layer of mulch.
  • Regularly feed them with mineral fertilizers in liquid form.
  • Conduct timely division of rhizomes.
  • Do not bury the rhizome, if the irises planted in the sandy ground.

Planting irises in the open ground

Carry out division and transplant desirable after they ottsvetut. It allowed their planting in the spring. If all the steps to be literate to them, they can bloom in the current season. However, the bloom is not so plentiful. If you do not know how to plant the flowers, refer to the following scheme:

  • Select a place for them with a light fertile soil. It is important that the site was not shaded. During 14 days prior to planting perform its processing fungicide then energize their phosphorus-potassium fertilizer (40 g per 1 sq. m.).
  • For 20 minutes before planting etch bulbs in potassium permanganate solution and then treat them in preparation for stimulating growth and development and for the formation of the root system. Peel onions and cut the rot from long roots.
  • Make small furrows in the area, put on the bottom layer of sand. Underground stem of a bearded iris should not be completely in the hole, it is necessary that it is a bit out on the surface of the earth. If you ignore this recommendation, the plant will start to rot. As for the beardless irises, they must deepen completely and then cover the roots layer of mulch.
  • Between the bushes need to withstand high minimum interval 50-60 cm, 30-40 cm between srednerosloe between karlikovymi20 cm.

Dividing and transplanting irises

Once the iris ottsvetut, you need to transfer them to a new location. Thus, before the arrival of cold days they will be able to adapt and build up the strength to bloom in the next season. Therefore, we must hurry to carry out a transplant until August. Conduct seating is recommended every 3-4 years. If we talk about the Siberian iris, then the procedure can be carried out every 10 years. Seat flowers following must be this:

  • Pick up fork rhizome and remove it from the ground.
  • Divide it into parts, using a shovel or a sharp knife.
  • If there are thin and long roots and areas with signs of rot, cut them.
  • Put delenki for 2 hours a concentrated solution of potassium permanganate, and then send them out to dry in the sun (not menee4 hours).
  • Planting bulbs need at exactly the same principle that the acquisition of seedlings.

Care irises

Care iris does not imply any problems. During the period of budding they need to provide regular watering. As soon as they begin to blossom, it is permissible to carry out this procedure when severe drought.

If we talk about pruning after flowering irises, such a process is necessary to preserve the aesthetic appearance iridariya. Dried flowers should be dealt with in a timely manner, with cutting the leaves should not be in a hurry. The procedure can be carried out when the greens fade. Above the ground should be left to a maximum of 10-15 cm, all the dry part should be burned. If you have a desire to further energize the flower bed of irises, but are not sure which approach fertilizing before flowering, you can stop the choice on the phosphorus-potassium fertilizers. Make them next spring.

Feed the flowers in the budding period and at a time when they bloom prohibited. Fertilizers can act diammofoska or AVA (diluted per instructions). Carry out weeding irises allowed into the warm season. It is necessary to carry out only manually. The roots of colors are close to the surface, so the use of garden tools can harm them. Loosening iris must also be infrequent. It will be sufficient to cover them with a layer of mulch.

Do not make a irises organics, especially manure, they do not like this
Do not make a irises organics, especially manure, they do not like this

Preparing for winter irises

Iridary will delight its annual flowering if the flowers provide proper care after they ottsvetut. Confine the removal of dry leaves fails, the plant is important the correct preparation for winter. After cutting is completed, proryhlit ground in the root area, perform processing chemicals for the control of fungal plant diseases (Alirin-B Bactofit, Vectra, Gamair and so forth.).

Pick up the protective cover must be given irises resistance to winter weather conditions. Shelter them before the due date is not recommended because it threatens their damping-off. This is best done in the second half of November. Covering materials can act peat, sawdust, straw, manure rotted layer at least 10 cm). Over it necessary to expand the branches of conifers. In the spring, after the snow come down, the shelter will have to be removed.

Delenki irises can be maintained after the excavation. In this case, the conditions for storage and a bearded neborodatyh varieties will be different. If storage is sent bearded irises, they need to let it dry, then wrap in paper and put in a cool dry place. Neborodatye irises before storage to be processed disinfectant, put in a pot and provide them with regular watering. In the spring can be planted in open ground.

Irises require complete care. At first, the flower will blossom beautifully, even if you do not pay attention to it, but over time, without your help, he will begin to lose its original appearance, flowering will be less abundant. Furthermore, the plant can start to hurt, leading to his death. Monitor your iridariem, and he is sure to become the object of admiration and pride

This and many other materials can be found on our website.

Please put the Huskies and subscribe to the channel "About Fazenda". This will enable us to publish more interesting garden articles.

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